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Moonlight Benjamin. Gustavo Ovalles. Big Band de l'Oisans. One of the effects of this proposal will be to encourage the potential of electronic cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid. The Commission proposal starts from the observation that in many Member States electronic cigarettes are considered to fall under the pharmaceutical legislation as medicinal products by function. Their availability to other people than long-term smokers who wish to quit smoking will however depend on the national regimes for the selling of medicinal products, i.
As an element of the market authorisation under the medicinal products regime, electronic cigarettes would have to comply with the conditions for the placing on the market of medicinal products in the respective Member States, which are likely to include rules on appropriate dosage to achieve the cessation objective. According to distinguished analysts, an economic crime has been committed against Cyprus.
The former president of the Eurogroup made an important statement to the effect that the Eurogroup had treated Cypriots like gangsters. Basically, it used them as guinea pigs. Why was such an unprecedented economic policy of divide and rule imposed on Cyprus? How did the Council react to the unjustified campaign which preceded it in a bid to accuse Cyprus of money laundering and of being a tax haven, in order to isolate it from its partners and impose an unfair haircut on it, which has mainly harmed the people who have struggled honestly all their life to get back on their feet following the Turkish invasion in ?
What action will the Council take on the ground to combat increasing poverty and unemployment in Cyprus? How does it intend to stamp out rising euroscepticism, especially in the run-up to the forthcoming European elections? These measures will form the basis for restoring the viability of the financial sector.
The action plan will need to target areas covering implementation of customer due diligence by banks, including through adequate supervision, and the functioning of the company registry, among others. It remains essential to proceed with the implementation of the adjustment programme in a steadfast manner in order to restore financial stability in Cyprus and to lay the foundations for a sustainable path of growth. In , upon the initiative of the European Union, a national service was established in Romania to provide consultancy services to agricultural producers free of charge.
Furthermore, the organisation of this national consultancy service for farmers in Romania was undertaken by experts in the European Union, based on established models in operation in Germany and England and adapted to conditions in Romania. However, in order to make agricultural consultancy more efficient in the public sector too, its key aim being to support private farmers, family farms and upon request companies and existing agricultural associations or those in the process of being set up, this consultancy system must be maintained and consolidated.
In view of the above, what measures does the Commission envisage in order to maintain and consolidate the existing agricultural consultancy service, in such a way that farmers and agricultural producers in Romania benefit from the advantages offered by this consultancy service? The aim of this measure is to help farmers, forest holders and SMEs in rural areas benefit from advisory services. The measure envisages support both for the use of advisory services and the setting up of such services. The farm advisory services in question can be provided either by public advisory service providers, including national level services like the National Agency for Agricultural Consulting ANCA in Romania to which the Honourable Member's question is understood to refer, or by private service providers.
The measure promotes the use of advisory services in order to improve the sustainable management and the economic and environmental performance of farm and forest holdings and SMEs in rural areas. It also provides for the training of advisors in order to enhance the quality and effectiveness of the advice offered and ensures the updated capacity of advisers. The beneficiary will be the service providers, who are to be chosen through open calls for proposals. The aim of the European support under this measure is primarily to ensure access to and uptake of good quality advisory services by agricultural producers and other rural beneficiaries, rather than to maintain or consolidate the services provided by one particular service provider.
Bardenas Reales is a semiarid nature reserve situated in the south of the Autonomous Region of Navarra. However, in spite of these very high levels of environmental protection, since , Bardenas Reales has been home to the largest NATO firing and bombing range in Europe. The people of Bardenas were never directly consulted about whether or not they wanted this firing and bombing range; the decision was taken by the Franco Government and these people have had to live with the range. NATO does not provide information about the kinds of arms used or the impact they might have on the flora and fauna in the Nature Reserve.
If not, what measures does it intend to take in order to ensure compliance with these Directives? In case of a negative assessment and in the absence of alternative solutions, the project can be authorised only for imperative reasons of overriding public interest under Art. The Commission will examine the information available and if necessary it will contact the Spanish authorities to verify the compliance of this firing range with the Habitats Directive.
This state of affairs is exacerbated by the situation many Member States are in, namely a deep economic and social crisis with unemployment at record levels, predominantly affecting young people. Does the Commission not believe that the Erasmus programme should be democratic to the point that it does not exclude students in a precarious financial situation, thus allowing any student to experience it? The grants awarded are normally not enough, when travel, accommodation and the standard of living in host countries are taken into account. Would it not make sense to increase the amounts made available instead of opting to give students loans, thus saddling them and their families with debt?
What measures is the Commission planning to help students who, on completing their studies, do not find work and therefore do not have the financial wherewithal and stability required to start paying off their debt? The Commission proposal for a Student Loan Guarantee Facility is designed to be particularly relevant for students from disadvantaged backgrounds who would otherwise be unable financially to study for a full master programme abroad. Social safeguards include reduced interest rates, no collateral or parental guarantees, and the possibility to defer or freeze repayments.
Graduates have up to two years to get a job before starting to repay their loans. Erasmus grants for credit mobility help finance the extra costs of going abroad and Member States are able to take account of different living costs between countries in the level of grants. The Commission foresees to increase both the number and size of Erasmus grants during the next seven year funding period.
However, the grants designed for credit mobility will never be sufficient to cover all study costs nor to finance full degree mobility for which there is increasing economic and social demand. A loan guarantee offers the best model to open up access to affordable finance on equitable terms for the student group facing the widest financing gap: full programme masters students.
Considering that extending the maturity of the loan will mean that Portugal will have to pay more interest to the Troika, what is the difference between the total amount expected to be paid in interest under the revised maturity, and the total amount expected to be paid in interest under the previously agreed maturity at constant prices? The extension of the official loan maturities to Portugal and Ireland is intended to facilitate market re-entry for both countries and to provide financing for a longer period at low cost.
As regards the EFSM loans, due to their back-to-back nature, the maturing EFSM loans will be re-financed by the Commission prior to the maturity, subject to having access to the markets. Since future interest rates are not predictable, it is impossible to estimate the difference in interest costs. Subiect: Modificarea Regulamentului UE nr.
Regulamentul UE nr. Otherwise, what does the Commission intend to do going forward to prevent the production of certain products that are considered traditional from being jeopardised by the ban on the use of some additives? For this Union list all authorised additives and their conditions of use have been correctly transferred from the old Directives and are now listed according to the food category to which they may be added. The new list is much more transparent and clearly lists which additives may be used in a certain food. The establishment of this list was preceded by lengthy discussions with Member States and intensive consultations with stakeholder organisations.
Does the Commission not think it would be a good idea to ban the use of non-biodegradable plastic bags with a view to reducing plastic waste and improving waste management, areas in which some Member States have a lot of progress to make? A study on the impacts of production and consumption patterns of plastic carrier bags, and the impacts incurred by various policy options to reduce their use including a possible ban of non-biodegradable plastic bags was published in Opinions were divergent on the best instruments, with a slight preference for a prevention target on the use of plastic carrier bags.
The results of these studies and consultations will inform and guide any proposals made by the Commission to deal with the issue. In accordance with standard Commission practice, all potential costs and benefits of policy options i. The response to the Green Paper will feed into the wider review of EU waste policy and legislation that is planned for The United States has a centralised database of all missing and unidentified persons, for which there is currently no European equivalent. Does the Commission plan to create a European database of missing and unidentified persons to help find missing individuals?
In the case of a missing person, including a child, the authority will report when that person has been located and the action taken as requested by the authorities creating the alert. Celle-ci couvre tous les domaines d'intervention, y compris le droit de la concurrence. French law makes no provision for class actions. Until now, French shareholders have not been able to seek legal redress in this way.
Class actions can be brought in more than a dozen European countries, but the Netherlands has introduced extraordinarily liberal arrangements that make it possible even for foreign companies to secure significant amounts in compensation.
Does the Commission not think that by affording companies from outside the Netherlands a right that is not recognised by certain Member States, such as France, the Netherlands is in breach of EU competition law? The right to compensation for harm caused by a breach of law is recognised in all Member States. Court actions, including collective actions, are merely a procedural means to enforce that right in practice. Such mechanisms should ensure fair, equitable, timely and not prohibitively expensive procedures and should respect basic principles set out in the recommendation.
The recommendation covers all policy fields, including competition law. It covers also cross-border disputes and invites Member States to ensure that a single collective action in a single forum is not prevented by national rules on admissibility or standing of groups of claimants or representative entities from other Member States.
It is therefore not obvious why the Dutch rules on collective redress should be considered to breach Union law in general or Union competition rules in particular. The latter only apply to anticompetitive conduct of undertakings or competition-distorting aid granted by Member States. In , the Commission launched a public consultation with the aim of developing a coherent approach to the concept of collective redress class actions in the European Union.
The Commission recommended to the Member States to have collective redress mechanism for the claims that are grounded in infringements of the rights granted under the Union law. The recommendation is of horizontal character; therefore the principles set forth therein apply to all of the Union's policy fields, including financial markets, competition law and environmental protection.
Other bodies such as Europol, which is responsible for cybercrime prevention operations, and the European External Action Service EEAS , which is in charge of cybersecurity at global level, already play a leading role in the field of network and information security. How does the Commission believe that the competencies held by these various bodies in the field of cybersecurity should be delineated in order to avoid overlapping and duplication?
With so many bodies in charge of monitoring networks and information, is there not a risk that competencies will be fragmented and the fight against cybercrime will be weakened? Cyber incidents do not stop at borders in the interconnected digital economy and society and it is often difficult to ascertain their origin from the outset. Preventing and strengthening cybersecurity, and in particular tackling incidents that are of criminal nature, requires that all actors take responsibility both nationally and at EU level and work together.
These three agencies are encouraged to collaborate while preserving their specificities, and within their respective mandates. The strategy outlines the various channels for coordination and cooperation that exist between these three agencies — both at formal and informal level. The directive recognises the right to hunt different bird species provided that limits are set and complied with in order to ensure that populations of these species remain at satisfactory levels.
In Cyprus, for instance, 1. Does the Commission believe that the rules governing the hunting of migratory birds are adequate? With a view to promoting nature and biodiversity conservation, should more stringent rules not be imposed in order to ensure that the hunting of migratory birds is banned during their migratory period? Huntable species may not be hunted during the migration and reproduction periods when they are most vulnerable. The derogation scheme under the directive may only be applied to hunting in very limited circumstances where it is fully justified in the absence of alternative solutions.
Member States may take more restrictive measures than those provided for under the Birds Directive. The Commission continues to work closely with Member States to ensure proper implementation of the legislation and where there are clear failures of compliance takes the necessary enforcement action. Pangasius is a new type of fish to be imported in massive quantities into the European Union. It comes from the Mekong Delta in Vietnam, one of the most polluted rivers on earth.
Pangasius are raised in intensive industrial fish farms and are therefore infected with high levels of bacteria toxic industrial waste , and there are no sanitary controls on what they are fed. The fact that this fish is available in such large quantities and its low production costs mean that is imported into Europe and consumed on a huge scale. In accordance with EU legislation, aquaculture products imported from third countries shall comply with the relevant EU sanitary import requirements.
These checks may include, inter alia , samples to check compliance with EU microbiological requirements or residues of chemical substances. In addition, the Food and Veterinary office of the Commission's Health and Consumers Directorate General FVO conducts audits on the spot to verify the implementation of the abovementioned provisions.
Il ne s'agit cependant pas de droits absolus. The Commission uses all the instruments at its disposal, in line with the powers conferred to the Union by the Treaties, to fight against racism, xenophobia and anti-Semitism. However these are not absolute rights. It is specifically stated in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights that it may be considered necessary in democratic societies to sanction all forms of expression which spread, incite, promote or justify hatred based on intolerance, and to limit assembly and association in the interest of national security and public safety.
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It is for national authorities to investigate individual cases, including in relation to political parties, to determine whether they represent incitement to violence or hatred, and to draw the necessary consequences under criminal law. The Commission and ultimately the European Court of Justice are monitoring the correct application of the framework Decision, under the powers afforded to them under the Treaties.
Oggetto: Sicurezza dei siti industriali a rischio. In questa normativa si sono introdotti nuovi limiti per le aziende che detengono nitrato di ammonio o materiale pirotecnico e per le aziende minerarie, oltre all'abbassamento dei valori limite per le sostanze tossiche e l'innalzamento dei limiti per le sostanze ritenute cancerogene. La nuova direttiva Seveso III, proprio come la precedente, riguarda il deposito di sostanze pericolose, compresi i fertilizzanti, a meno che si tratti di un deposito temporaneo intermedio direttamente connesso ai trasporti.
Since , following the Seveso accident, the European Union has had a joint directive on the industrial safety of hazardous facilities. This measure introduced new limits for firms holding ammonium nitrate or pyrotechnic materials and for mining firms, and also lowered the limit values for toxic substances and raised the limits on substances considered carcinogenic.
Considering this, the Commission is not of the opinion that a review of the Seveso Directive is necessary in the near future. This Convention promotes active international cooperation between countries, before, during and after an industrial accident. Le graduatorie ad esaurimento dei docenti italiani contengono migliaia di professionisti abilitati secondo il D.
Si tratta di personale altamente qualificato con comprovata esperienza alle spalle e che, nella maggior parte dei casi, vanta plurimi incarichi annuali a tempo determinato conferiti dallo Stato. Di fatto, gli Stati membri sono liberi di scegliere i metodi atti a fare rispettare le limitazioni adottate a condizione che tali metodi siano efficaci. Una volta completata la valutazione si prenderanno le misure appropriate in linea con le competenze attribuite alla Commissione a garanzia della corretta applicazione della normativa dell'UE. In almost all EU Member States permanent, full-time employment is continuing to fall and is being replaced by precarious employment, made up of miscellaneous jobs whose contract types and professional statutes vary greatly, in the fields of both paid employment in the public or private sector and self-employment.
Given this general picture, the problem of precarious employment in the education system should be highlighted. For years they have been waiting for a permanent job in the education system. These are highly qualified staff with proven experience who, in the majority of cases, have already completed multiple annual fixed-term contracts for the State. This situation is destroying the hopes of young university students and is preventing them from finding a job, not only because the age for entry into employment is rising, but also because a disconnect is being created between education needs and employment requirements.
However, the directive does not specifically require that after a three-year contract a vacant post must be filled by permanent staff. Regarding the situation in the Italian education sector and the effectiveness of the measures that Italy has taken to limit abusive successions of fixed-term employment there, the Commission has already launched an investigation and sent a Letter of Formal Notice.
The reply is currently being assessed and compared to the claims and materials submitted in a large number of complaints and petitions. Hundreds of lower and upper secondary school pupils are forced to take lessons in unacceptable conditions at the Kolymbari School in the prefecture of Chania as, for two years, every time it rains the classrooms are flooded.
The pupils and residents of Kolymbari have undertaken the procedure and the cost of preparing the study to include the school in the current NSRF with the aim of reconstructing the school. The Greek authorities have promised that the reconstruction of the school will be fully funded by the programme; however, nothing has happened to date.
The lack of funds for school buildings can be clearly seen by the fact that the Prefecture of Chania does not have any schools in the NSRF. In other words, not a single school has been maintained, is being reconstructed or constructed by the authority. All this is happening at a time when hundreds of millions of euros from the NSRF are supporting the profits of Greek and foreign monopolies for projects that go against public needs. In accordance with the Structural Fund regulations, assistance under these Funds is provided according to an approach of complementarity and partnership between the Member States and the Commission, with due respect for their respective responsibilities.
On the basis of the shared management principle, the design, preparation, implementation, monitoring, audit and evaluation of co-funded interventions under the programmes is the responsibility of the national authorities, at the most appropriate territorial level and according to the institutional system of each Member State.
This means that the Commission does not intervene in the selection of projects except for major projects as this comes under the competence of the national managing authorities, provided that their choices are in line with the programming documents adopted in consultation with the Commission, and that they comply with current legislation. Can the Commission say what budgetary commitments relating to the Portuguese Rural Development Programme Proder have been decommitted to date because they had not been used for prefinancing or interim payments by the end of the second year following commitment?
Can it state the relevant sums and years under the current multiannual financial framework? Parcela Ano. Does the Commission have any information on what budget authorisations relating to the national rural network in Portugal have been cancelled thus far, due to them not being used for pre-financing or intermediate payments by the end of the second year following authorisation? Can it provide the figures for each year of the current multiannual financial framework? Instalment year. As regards the annual amounts of support to this programme, the budgetary allocation before decommitments for the period was distributed as follows:.
English version. Can the Commission provide information on the gap between the payments that Portugal could potentially receive under the CAP single payment scheme and the amount actually paid?
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The figures show that over the years the direct aids payments have gradually approached the ceiling and that they exceeded the net ceiling as from calendar year Entre os seus participantes contam-se a China e todos os demais grandes construtores navais. South Korea , such support is provided, which inevitably has implications for shipbuilding and ship repair in the EU?
What measures has it taken, or intends taking, in order to address dumping in this sector? In the context of the OECD Working Party on Shipbuilding the Commission is working to strengthen the disciplines on support measures as well as on injurious pricing as anti-dumping rules are difficult to apply in this sector.
Among its participants are China and all other major producers of ships. It has been agreed that ships are one of the sectors on which the Group should work first. Todas as partes interessadas e os Estados-Membros foram estreitamente associados ao processo. Which Portuguese bodies have been consulted as part of this process? The objective of the modernisation initiative is to improve transparency and predictability of the trade defence instruments. The focus is to find practical solutions for real problems in a balanced way.
Therefore, it has proposed the non-application of the lesser duty rule in cases of subsidisation and structural raw material distortions, ex-officio initiations for example in cases of threats of retaliation as well as the intention to explore ways to ensure the earlier imposition of provisional measures. At the same time the Commission wants to make sure that importers and users of the dumped imports are not unduly penalised by duties. Therefore, the Commission has proposed a two weeks-shipping clause and the reimbursement of duties in certain expiry reviews.
Several efforts are also aimed at small and medium-sized enterprises SMEs be they producers, importers or traders. All stakeholders and Member States have been closely associated with the process. Furthermore, the Portuguese Ministry of Economy and Employment and around 20 Portuguese producers replied to the public consultation.
However, the Commission did not answer the question comparing the contrary decisions taken in connection with the milk and sugar sectors. Furthermore, in the framework of the CAP reform negotiations neither the European Parliament nor the Council have proposed to change this deadline.
Quais as taxas de cofinanciamento previstas? The strategy would be developed around four axes: 1 promoting the quality of the region; 2 promoting social cohesion; 3 strengthening economic capacity; 4 strengthening the regional knowledge system. What are the corresponding co-financing rates? In so far as the regional or sub-regional plans are part of the preparation of the Portuguese EU funded programmes for the period, they can be co-financed under from technical assistance funds from either the regional or national cohesion policy programmes.
The exact eligibility requirements, as well as possible co-financing rates, are set by the programme managing authorities and should therefore be checked with them. Both the legal and budgetary framework for the European Structural and Investment Funds funds for the period are not yet approved. As a consequence there are no proposed programming documents available from the national authorities in which such figures would eventually be indicated.
In other words, rather than being based on objective and rigorous evaluation parameters, to determine the need, importance and quality of investments in underground water and sanitation networks, the selection criteria are based on the acceptance of certain policy options aimed at the concession and privatisation of water services. This harms everyone, including the municipalities, which defend the public management of water and sanitation, as well as those using these services. Does any EU guidance, explicitly or implicitly, provide for or justify the inclusion of this specific provision in the aforementioned call, which is a clear example of blackmail?
Is the Commission aware of situations similar the one described above, i. The EU legislation in the field of water does not include any specific provision nor does it set out any preference for the organisation of the local and administrative entities set up by Member States for the management of water resources and the provision of water services. Nevertheless, Member States should, in the opinion of the Commission, ensure the achievement of the objectives in the most efficient way and are entitled to set specific selection criteria to ensure optimisation, integration and sustainability of investments, in line with nationally approved plans.
The key principles of integrated river basin management are incorporated into PEAASAR II, which is legally binding, bringing together economic and ecological perspectives into water management. The Commission has always supported this approach which is in line with the water infrastructure investments that have been co-financed by cohesion policy.
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The Commission is not aware of any such situations described by the Honourable Member. Nevertheless, the Commission does not consider that the requirement for more integrated water infrastructure systems is linked to a privatisation of the sector. The World Heritage Site bidding process is not therefore a matter of Community competence. This is also one of the educational establishments that have not yet had the asbestos cement structures replaced and, given the advanced state of decay, there is a real possibility of asbestos being released.
Does the Commission have any information about the presence of asbestos in the asbestos cement structures in educational and other establishments and its effect on the health of those people using these areas? The renovation of school infrastructure was possible under Priority 3 of the Lisbon European Regional Development Fund Programme for However, the financing of new school renovation projects is no longer possible as the programme has already reached the maximum financial allocation and targets for this type of project.
Cohesion policy is managed under the shared management principle by national and regional authorities designated by the Member States. The Commission therefore suggests the Honourable Member contacts the managing authorities of the Lisbon programme for further information:.
Consequently, the construction, maintenance and renovation of educational infrastructure fall under Member States' competencies. The Beato Fire-fighting Association relies on about 50 volunteers and provides an active and very important service in Lisbon which should be recognised, appreciated and supported. I recently visited the Beato Volunteer Fire Station and the state of decay was striking. The rest facilities for the volunteers are inadequate as they have to sleep on the floor in very poor conditions.
These deteriorate further due to leaks when it rains and high temperatures when the weather is hot. There is also no yard for vehicles to be parked and maintained. Various proposals have been made for relocating the fire station but none have been realised and would, in any case, require financial investment. What EU initiatives exist for supporting and appreciating the service provided by volunteer fire-fighters? What programmes could assist with the investment needed to relocate the Beato Volunteer Fire Station so that the volunteers can provide their services to the people of the city with dignity and under better conditions than at present?
The primary responsibility to protect people, property and the environment lies with the Member States, in line with the principle of subsidiarity. The local, regional, and national levels are generally best placed to prepare for and respond to disasters, including fires. The EU has a supporting competence in the field of civil protection. However, as the Honourable Member is aware, due to the shared management principle of administering the Structural Funds, the national authorities are responsible for the implementation of the programmes, including project selection criteria and procedures.
The Commission would therefore suggest the Honourable Member contacts directly the Portuguese authorities in charge of managing the programme concerned, namely:. Em Portugal, estima-se que exista um universo de 20 mil doentes de Parkinson. Desde , o 7. What programmes and actions are in place at EU level to support the activity of associations such as APDPk, given the important social role they play? What support is available for biomedical research into the disease, given its importance for treatment and prevention?
What priorities have been established? Supporting national organisations is a matter falling under the responsibility of Member States. No support has been granted so far to European associations or networks active on Parkinson's disease. It is yet premature to ascertain the specific research issues which will be addressed. Talaris formerly Papelaco is the only company in Europe who manufactures automated teller machines ATMs and other money-handling equipment. Here we have yet another example of unacceptable behaviour by a company that, according to the Union of Electrical Industries of the South and Islands SIESI , makes a net profit, exports the majority of production and uses the facility in Portugal to make collective dismissals in order to relocate.
Does it have information on whether Talaris, or any other company within the Glory group, has received any EU support to establish itself in Portugal or in any other EU country? The Commission has no powers to interfere in specific company's decisions but urges them to follow good practices anticipation and socially responsible management of restructuring.
The Commission would also point out that workers likely to be affected by restructuring may qualify for support from the ESF and, provided that the necessary conditions are met, from the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund. The operations selected for funding aimed to enhance the employees' potential and complied with EU and national rules throughout the implementation period.
Although the Commission is not aware of any relocation plans, it would point out that the aim of the ESF would not be jeopardised by relocation since the funding referred to concerned training activities linked to vocational training which aim to improve the employees' potential.
In the last four years, people have been killed at work in Portugal, most of them manual workers, 34 of whom have been killed this year. However, these figures do not tell the whole story, as deaths that occur after admission to hospital are not counted. In addition to those who are killed, a very large number of workers are left suffering lifelong effects following accidents, or are the victims of occupational diseases.
It is estimated that, worldwide, occupational diseases are responsible for six times as many deaths as accidents at work. All these factors have followed a negative trend in Portugal in recent years and, in particular, since the EU-IMF programme was put in place. To what extent has the Commission monitored the problem of occupational safety, accidents at work and occupational diseases in the EU? Does it acknowledge the link between measures under the current EU-IMF programmes and work being more dangerous, longer working times and more intensive working patterns, among other factors mentioned above, which are widely known to be linked to an increase in accidents at work and occupational diseases?
To that extent, is the Commission prepared to change its position?
Since years the incidence rates for non-fatal and fatal accidents are dropping, for example the number of non-fatal accidents per Work related health problems are monitored by the LFS ad hoc modules of and In many companies, workers with employment contracts are pressured into leaving while companies replace wages with payments per kilometre, tonnage or trip — leading to a considerable drop in earnings. Is the Commission aware of these situations, both in Portugal and in other EU countries? What is its assessment of them? What measures does it intend to take to prevent further exploitation of these workers, to guarantee them decent working conditions and a fair wage, and to protect their safety and that of all road users?
All EU Member States must make sure that their national laws protect the rights laid down in this directive. The national authorities have primary responsibility for enforcing these rules, as they are best placed to investigate individual cases, taking into account the particular factual background and the national legal contex. However, the Commission does not have sufficient details on the matter to be able to investigate the problem raised and is not therefore in a position to answer the question at the moment.
It would ask the Honourable Member to provide more details. The Commission works with Member States to improve enforcement of the existing EU social rules in road transport with a view to eliminate the cases of excessive working hours, disruptive working patterns or performance-based remuneration, which are illicit.
The Commission looks forward to launching a debate with social partners on harmonising minimum social protection and working conditions standards. However, the Council does not answer the question on the comparison between the milk industry and the sugar industry, given that contrasting decisions have been made in each case. How can it be justified to restore regulatory and production distribution instruments quotas in the sugar industry and not in the milk industry?
Which Member States currently oppose the restoration of milk quotas and which Member States support it? In the wake of the food fraud scandal involving the substitution of beef for horsemeat in frozen meals, the Commission has agreed to review the rules on mandatory labelling, including the mandatory indication of country of origin. Can the Commission confirm its intention to propose an amendment to the rules regarding origin labelling, including the mandatory indication of country of origin, thus providing important information to consumers which is currently not available so that they can make an informed and conscious choice?
The Commission has repeatedly held that mandatory origin labelling is not a tool to prevent fraud by malicious operators. The present scandal could have occurred, even if origin labelling was mandatory for the foods in question. The Commission is not in a position to evaluate the position of the Member States pending the delivery of the reports concerned. A recent study released by the Portuguese Association for Consumer Protection DECO highlights the continued use of dangerous chemicals in many everyday products. DECO says that the way in which EU legislation has attempted to control the use of these substances is clearly ineffective.
The reality is that these chemicals continue to be used, even when we know that the products containing them can and should be made using alternative substances which pose a much lower risk. However, the dangerousness and harmful effects thereof, as well as the fact that it is possible to produce similar products without using them, call for the eradication of these substances and not their continued use, albeit via an authorisation procedure.
Is the Commission prepared to propose a revision of EU legislation, so that all substances of very high concern SVHC are banned whenever it is proven that viable alternatives can be used? What measures will it take in this regard, given that many manufacturers and distributors claim ignorance or show no willingness to properly inform consumers, thereby undermining the intentions set out in the REACH Regulation?
Placing on the market or use of the latter group is subject to the authorisation requirement. One of the objectives of authorisation is to progressively replace SVHC by suitable alternatives where technically and economically viable. Authorisation applications should include an analysis of alternatives, assessing the suitability and availability of potential alternatives. The actions and timelines required to transfer to an alternative should also be part of this analysis.
REACH foresees two routes to obtain an authorisation, i. In this latter case, the availability of suitable alternatives will exclude the possibility of authorisation. This would primarily affect internationally active large banks. An annex to the agreement reportedly states that local banks are not permitted to decline to do business with US citizens who are resident in Switzerland.
According to the current status of negotiations, would the agreement mean that all banks would be affected by the disclosure requirement, or just internationally active large banks? Can the Commission confirm whether local banks would actually be required under the agreement to levy a withholding tax on the proceeds of the sale of American securities by EU citizens in the EU?
In principle, all banks are subjected to the due diligence and reporting obligations imposed by FATCA. However, both Model IGAs include exceptions for financial institutions with a local client base. The Commission understands that financial institutions established in Member States that sign a Model 1 IGA will not be required to apply withholding taxes on their clients, as a consequence of FATCA in the circumstances outlined in the question.
A special provision of the Model 1 IGA foresees the suspension of rules requiring the application of a withholding tax on recalcitrant account holders. Da dies eine eklatante Wettbewerbsverzerrung darstellt, wurde vor einigen Wochen Beschwerde bei der Kommission eingereicht. Consequently, the Member States would have to bear the greater part of the burden in the event of a nuclear accident — as has already been the case in the past. Conversely, hydroelectric and thermal power stations are frequently held liable for any damage they cause.
As this involves a glaring distortion of competition, complaints were lodged with the Commission a few weeks ago. What progress has been achieved with the plans in relation to a legislative proposal concerning liability and insurance against damage caused by accidents in nuclear power stations? Is liability for damage caused by the storage of nuclear waste from nuclear power stations also the subject of discussion?
As stated in this reply, the Commission is currently exploring by means of an impact assessment how the situation in the area of nuclear third party liability and insurance could be improved.
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This impact assessment will demonstrate the scope of application that any further European Union initiative should have. The current low wholesale prices for electricity make new nuclear power plants a loss-making enterprise. Therefore, operators in the United Kingdom, where a series of new nuclear power plants is planned, and in the Czech Republic, which wants to establish Temelin 3 and 4, want to see State-guaranteed electricity feed-in prices. Which EU Member States have similar subsidies for operators of nuclear power plants based on renewable or more environmentally friendly approaches?
Any plan by the United Kingdom UK government or the government of the Czech Republic to devise a framework in support of nuclear energy generation which involved state aid would need to be compatible with European Union state aid rules and internal market rules. While the Commission services are in discussions with the UK authorities, the Commission has not yet received any notification from the UK or Czech authorities at this stage and is not aware of these Member States having granted aid. The UK authorities do not yet seem to have formed a definitive point of view on several key characteristics of any possible support framework in the context of their support to low carbon energy solutions.
The Commission has not been notified of any other national scheme in support of nuclear energy production. Die von Franzosen und Japanern errichtete Anlage soll fertig gestellt sein. At the beginning of the month a contract was signed in respect of the construction of a second Turkish nuclear power plant in Sinop on the Black Sea coast. The plant, which is to be built by French and Japanese companies, is intended to be completed in The construction of nuclear power plants in Turkey is particularly problematic as the whole region is prone to earthquakes.
Ankara still has no nuclear regulatory body that would be responsible for authorisation. Within the framework of the nuclear power plant stress tests, has the Commission expressed support for a ban on building new nuclear power plants in earthquake-prone zones? TAEK is responsible for defining safety measures for nuclear activities and drafting regulations concerning radiation protection and licensing of nuclear installations. Turkey was invited to participate in the voluntary stress tests exercise and has recently submitted a national report on the completed stress tests. Following the second confirmed case of the new corona virus NCoV in France, we can now be certain that person-to-person transmission of the virus is possible.
This has moreover been confirmed by the World Health Organisation. Cases have also been reported in Germany and the United Kingdom. In Saudi Arabia, 24 people have been infected, of whom 15 have died. In view of these developments, can the Commission, together with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, establish the precise number of cases registered in the European Union?
Can it also indicate the risk levels attaching to the virus for example with regard to SARS and advise what precautions should be taken? The issuing of European recommendations would help contain the spread of contradictory information and prevent panic from taking hold. An ongoing source of human infection remains present in the Arabian Peninsula and Jordan.
Gli studi commissionati dagli USA e dall'Italia sugli effetti delle emissioni del sistema MUOS sulla salute dei cittadini hanno prodotto risultati diversi e contraddittori. Le conclusioni delle analisi portate avanti da diversi comitati scientifici evidenziano gravi rischi per la popolazione locale e per l'ambiente. Il Comitato scientifico dei diritti sanitari emergenti e recentemente identificati CSRSERI fornisce alla Commissione aggiornamenti indipendenti sulle prove scientifiche disponibili e controlla se queste corroborino ancora i limiti di esposizione proposti.
Finora tutte le valutazioni sono giunte alla conclusione che non sussistono motivazioni scientifiche per rivedere i limiti di esposizione. The fact that Niscemi already has a high cancer death rate is very probably due to the 41 American antennas installed there. Having conducted analyses, scientific committees have concluded that the risks to the local population and the environment would be serious. Member States are responsible for the implementation and enforcement of this directive. The Commission can intervene only if Member States do not fulfil their role as market surveillance authorities, relating to products within the scope of the directive.
All assessments to date have concluded that there is no scientific rationale to revise the exposure limits. A new update has been launched, with a public consultation expected in autumn Que meios financeiros podem ser mobilizados, designadamente do QREN, para fazer face a este grave problema? The civil construction and public works sector is enduring an extremely difficult period in Portugal. The company mortality rate has been running at 14 companies per day in recent times, corresponding to more than jobs per day.
According to recent Eurostat data, Portugal topped the list of EU countries for bankruptcies in the civil construction sector in February. The data reveal that, in February, bankruptcies were around What funds can be mobilised, specifically within the Portuguese National Strategic Reference Framework, to address this serious problem?
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The decline in the share of the construction investment in overall economic activity in Portugal is not a recent phenomenon. Even though it had fallen further in , to 9. The fall in the share of construction investment in Portugal is the result of the unavoidable shift from the non-tradable to the tradable sectors. The excessive concentration of resources in non-tradable sectors such as construction has been underlying the accumulation of large economic imbalances and rapidly growing external debt.
The reorientation of the economy towards the tradable sectors is therefore a necessary process creating the basis for robust and sustainable growth of output and employment in the future. The wage cuts and increased unemployment resulting from the worsening economic and financial crisis and the imposition of so-called austerity measures, combined with the high cost of renting property and increases in mortgage repayments, are leading to an increase in evictions and house repossessions by banks.
The social and family circumstances of those seeking social housing have changed, leading to increased demand. The shortage of social housing is becoming more apparent as demand rises. Budget cuts, principally in bailed-out countries such as Portugal, are also being felt in the lack of investment and state support for building and renovating social housing, and for converting vacant buildings for this purpose.
What EU funds can be mobilised for the social housing area, specifically for house building, renovation and self-build. Which countries have most requested support of this type and which have applied most funding to this area? Member States have the primary competence to design and implement their housing policies. The SIP highlights that access to quality social services including social housing is an important measure for active inclusion and it explores good practices how Member States may improve access to affordable housing and thus prevent homelessness.
It includes pathways to integration for disadvantaged people, such as people experiencing social exclusion and support to improving their access to quality social services. The ERDF today covers also energy efficiency investments and housing in favour of marginalised communities in all Member States. Cohesion policy for will also enable support to social housing as part of contribution to poverty reduction and social inclusion. Assunto: Financiamento para a Cultura In order to facilitate the task of Parliament and Council in the MFF negotiations, the Commission has decided to consider how the budget cuts proposed by the European Council would affect its initial proposals.
The allocation of the budget between the different strands within the future Creative Europe programme is provisional and based on the Commission's commitment not to fall below the budgets currently allocated to the MEDIA and Culture Programmes and also to take into account the minimum volume required for the viability of the new Cultural and Creative Sector Loan Facility. It will not be necessary to use the loan facility in order to be eligible for grants. The grants under the future Creative Europe programme are subject to the principles of transparency and equal treatment and there is no budget allocation per country.
The same programme states that one of its goals is to preserve the memory of the past. I believe that the memory of the past to be preserved and disseminated must be based on historic truth, and not on historic distortion. Can the Commission tell me what sum of money was spent in supporting this initiative? The Europe for Citizens Programme does not support one single interpretation of Europe's recent past but allows for a dialogue and exchange of opinions involving a broad range of actors from civil society, municipal and local authorities, educational and memorial institutions. It is also stressed that high-quality and well-trained teachers can help learners to develop the competences they need in a global labour market demanding ever higher skill levels.
The Portuguese Government has progressively reduced investment in education by dismissing thousands of teachers and closing schools, leading to students being concentrated in mega-schools, with an increase in the number of students per classroom. As a consequence, the quality of education has decreased and there has been an increase in the already extremely high rates of early school leaving. Quality education and training are crucial for social cohesion and economic growth, and for short-term recovery and long-term sustainable growth.
The Commission believes that maintaining an adequate level of investment in quality education and training needs to be safeguarded, especially in times of economic difficulty; and that in conducting fiscal consolidation, Member States should give priority to, and strengthen where possible, investment in growth-friendly areas such as education, research, innovation and energy. In addition, Portugal should aim to take full advantage of the European Structural and Investment Funds, which can underpin educational reform and finance educational infrastructure.
The Commission and the Member States are currently negotiating investment priorities for In this context, Portugal has now got the opportunity to mobilise substantial ESF resources to support education and training. Il Comune di Venezia permane nell'indirizzo operativo di inapplicazione della VAS, anche dopo la sentenza della Corte costituzionale n.
I have been contacted by a constituent who has brought the Trikala Shelter for Dogs and Cats in Thessaly, Greece to my attention. Further information about the shelter can be found here:. My constituent tells me that the shelter is suffering from financial difficulties and only remains open thanks to public donations. She says that the shelter is struggling to provide basic requirements such as food for the animals and that it has been driven to beg local restaurants for any leftover food.
My constituent says that these problems are the result of the discontinuation of funds and support by the Mayor of rural Trikala. Is the Commission aware of any European charters, policies, directives or regulations which require Member States to make provision for the humane treatment and emergency feeding of animals such as dogs? The Commission has no specific role regarding the way animal shelters are managed by the national competent authorities and there is no such possibility to fund shelters for stray animals at the level of the European Union.
The protection of stray animals falls within the sole competence of the Member States. I have been contacted by a constituent who would like to see an increase in the independence of monitoring and evaluation reviews of EU-funded projects. Could the Commission investigate the possibility of improving accountability for the delivery of EU projects by:. Evaluations are systematically undertaken by independent external consultants, in some cases as joint evaluations with other donors, particularly the Member States. The Commission's internal procedures, and those applicable to external monitoring and evaluations, require it to fully involve stakeholders.
The Commission's monitoring and evaluation systems are subject to regular supervision and scrutiny by the Council, European Parliament and European Court of Auditors, which are well aware of the monitoring and evaluation systems in place. They have requested the Commission to improve its reporting on results. The Commission is also working to improve its monitoring and information management systems. These systems should allow for improved access to information on the performance and results of projects and programmes, in addition to the existing full online access to strategic country and thematic evaluations via the Commission's webpages.
Could the Commission please inform me whether have there been any EU-funded studies into the health and societal effects of e-cigarettes content, promotion, best regulatory practices? The Impact Assessment also refers to the existing scientific evidence on the health and societal effects of electronic cigarettes. Is SCENIHR currently carrying out any studies on pylons, and is it aware of any such studies being carried out by other research teams in Europe or elsewhere?
Have any comparative studies been conducted to test the strength of the electromagnetic field EMF generated by wires placed underground as opposed to those carried above ground via pylons? Have any studies been conducted to test the strength, within a metre radius, of the magnetic or electromagnetic field generated by a kV line placed underground as opposed to one carried above ground? SCENIHR conducts analyses based on scientific evidence available and delivers its opinion upon submission of a request from the Commission services.